All nouns in the third declension ending in -e, -al, and -ar are neuter. Latin nouns of the third declension comprise consonant stems and i-stems (e.g., as the i in the neutral genitive plural animalium). Examples: mare (sea), portal (portal), templar (templar). By far the largest and most important category of Latin nouns is the 3rd declension, a group of words comprising all three genders and showing a great diversity of form. Latin unknown gender nouns in the third declension (0 c, 6 e) Pages in category "Latin third declension nouns" The following 200 pages are in this category, out of 6,454 total. If a word uses this inflection, the ablative for it is also changed to -i. You cannot identify third declension nouns in the nominative because they 1. have various forms and spelling 2. have endings that do not reveal their gender 3. can be masculine, feminine or neuter To decline a third declension noun: 1. find the genitive singular, which will end ‘-is’ 2. remove the ‘-is’, leaving you with the stem 3. add the endingsshown below According to James Ross' 18th-century Latin grammar, the nominative singular of a third declension noun may end in: a (of Greek origin [ for more on declining Greek nouns in Latin, see Latin Third Declension Nouns of Greek Origin ]), e, o, c (rare), d, l, n, r, s, t ( caput and compounds), or x. The Rare Accusative. In rare occasions, the accusative form of the masculine and feminine ĭ-Stem nouns is -im. The forms of the nominative and vocative singular are identical to each other and are often quite different from other cas… You can identify third declension nouns by their genitive singular ending ‘-is’. They are of all three genders, and have genitives in -is. Your first reaction may be one of dismay, since this declension has no consistent word-ending, like the -a , -us , and -um of the 1st and 2nd, and appears to have little predictability of any kind.
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